The signatories

They are signatories of the Casablanca Declaration, 

René Frydman, Obstetrician, Gynecologist at Paris hospitals and Professor at the Universities of Paris, former member of the National Consultative Ethics Committee and the National Consultative Commission on Human Rights, France

Jorge Cardona Llorens, Professor of Public International Law University of Valencia, Member of the United Nations Committee on the Rights of Children, Spain.

Fatimetou Maham, SDSR activist, public health, pioneer in the fight against HIV-AIDS. President of the first thematic NGO to combat HIV/AIDS Stop Sida, Mauritania.

Jiten Singh, Former Judge of the High Court of Justice, Fiji.

Hassan Abdelhamid, Founding Dean of the Faculty of Law, British University in Egypt.

Denis Chang, Honorary Professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Hong Kong and the Council Chairman of Saint Francis University, Hong Kong.

Georges Nawfal, Doctor in Pediatric Gastroenterology, Lebanon

 Diaâ Sfendla, Professor of Law, Vice-Dean & Director of the Center of Excellence, Ibn Tofail University – Kenitra, Morocco.

Sonnie Ekwowusi, Lawyer, Chairman of the Human and Constitutional Rights Committee of the African Bar Association, Nigeria.

Lindolfo Mendoza, Physician expert in maternal-fetal medicine, member of the Academy of Medicine, Paraguay.

Hana Konecna, Ph.Dr. Psychologist, Czech Republic

Elena Postigo, Philosopher, bioethicist and University Professor, Director of the Institute of Bioethics at the Francisco de Vitoria University, Spain.

Faratiana Esoavelomandroso, Dean of the Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, University of Antananarivo, Madagascar.

Roberto Andorno, Jurist, writer, Doctor of law, specialized in bioethics issues, Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law of the University of Zurich, Switzerland, etc. 


The list of the first 100 signatories of the Declaration was published in Le FIGARO on 3 March 2023 HERE

They are experts from different disciplines, mainly lawyers, doctors, psychologists, sociologists, philosophers…

Many dedicate some or all of their research and work to this subject and have numerous publications to their credit.


Their common point? Their willingness to support the request made to States to commit to an International Convention for the abolition of surrogacy.

For the rest, they are very different:

  • Nationalities and cultures at odds with each other.
  • They come from countries that provide surrogacy clients, or on the contrary, from countries whose women are used as surrogate mothers.
  • They come from countries that prohibit or conversely authorizes surrogacy.
  • They have, without a doubt, varied convictions, and different political commitments (no question was asked of them on this point!).
  • Some are involved in NGOs, movements, structures, whilst others are not.
  • Some come from countries currently in conflict with each other.
  • There are women, men, young individuals, seniors, university research professors, practitioners, etc.

Thus, they embody the international, human and universal dimension that they aim to impart to this initiative.